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Funeral arrangements for Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, and Hinduism
Funerals are a ritual that is associated with the final disposition of a body, for example, cremation or burial, and the attendant observances. Funerary rituals are the set of rituals and beliefs utilized in society to commemorate and honor the dead in various ways, including internment, different memorials, prayers, and ceremonies performed to honor their memory.
The various denominations of congregations have various funeral services, but they usually include prayers, readings of scripture from the Bible, a sermon funeral homily, also known as a eulogy, and even music.
One of the issues that arose as the 21st century started was the use of secular music in Christian funerals, which is that is generally deemed to be unconstitutional by The Roman Catholic Church.
Christian beliefs about death
The Christian faith is founded on the idea of the existence of heaven, hell, and purgatory. The place a person’s soul can end up depends on the way they behave throughout their lives. The righteous will be in heaven and will be in God’s presence with Lord in the presence of the Lord, while criminals will end up in hell. If someone has committed forgivable crimes in their lives, Christians believe they must undergo purgatory for a period of time before moving towards heaven.
In general, the Christian faith favors cremations over burials. This is due to it affecting their beliefs regarding resurrection as well as the concept of an afterlife.
What do you think are Christian funeral rituals?
Christian funeral rituals are a set of guidelines and practices that are performed when a loved person dies. The most common rites include but aren’t limited to:
* A Eulogy
* Bible readings
* Ritual of Committal
What happens during the time of a Christian funeral?
SEE ALSO: New Age Religion and Old Age Religion
As with most funerals of a religious nature that are held, the Christian funeral service is adapted to the deceased. The funeral service usually is performed at a crematorium, church, or cemetery. It will consist of prayers as well as readings, sermon songs, hymns, and, occasionally, poetry or music.
Funerals within Islam (called Janazah in Arabic) are governed by a set of rituals. In all cases, the sharia (Islamic religious law) stipulates the burial of the deceased, which is followed by a simple ritual that involves bathing and securing the body. This is then salat (prayer).
Funeral ceremonies should occur as quickly as possible. This should include:
- Bathing dead bodies using camphor, water, and Ziziphus Lotus leaves with the exception of extraordinary circumstances during the case battle.
- Covering the body of the deceased in white linen or cotton cloth with the exception of exceptional circumstances like combat. In such instances, the clothing of the body is not changed.
- Reciting funeral prayers at all times for the funeral of a Muslim.
The burial of the deceased remains in the grave all instances for the funeral of a Muslim.
* Positioning the deceased in a way that the body or face is moved to the right it faces Mecca.
In Judaism, funerals follow certain rituals, even though they can vary in custom. Halakha is a ritual of preparation that involves bathing and covering the body, followed by readings and prayers in Scriptures from the Hebrew Bible, and then a funeral ceremony that is marked by funeral eulogies and short prayers and the subsequent burial of the body in the tomb and burial. The customary law and practice prohibit cremation of the deceased; The Reform Jewish movement generally discourages cremation but doesn’t explicitly prohibit it.
Burial Ceremonies Should be Performed as Soon as is Possible, and Should Include:
Bathing the body of the dead.
* Covering the dead body. Men are covered with the Kittel, then (outside in the Land of Israel) using the tallit (shawl) as women are encased in a simple white cloth.
* Watching over the body of the deceased.
This includes short prayers and eulogies.
- The burial of the deceased body in the grave.
- Filling in the grave is traditionally performed by relatives as well as other guests at the funeral.
- In some communities, the dead are placed so that their feet are facing toward the Temple Mount in Jerusalem
A Buddhist funeral is a symbol of the transition between life and death for those who have passed away. Also, it reminds the present of their mortality.
Buddhists are believed to believe in the reincarnation process and the liberation of souls. For them, death is an inevitable aspect of the cycle of life (samsara) and how the Buddhists perform throughout their lifetime will influence their future lives through the process of reincarnation.
Buddhist Funeral Rituals
Buddhist tradition says that death should take place in a serene and calm setting, with close friends and family members in attendance. Together, they should think about the good things that the deceased person has performed throughout their lives, with hopes that it will assist the person in their next incarnation.
In addition, friends and family can do good deeds for them and believe that it will be beneficial to the dead.
Antyesti, which literally translates to “last rites or last sacrifice” is a reference to the rituals of rites-of-passage that are associated with funerals in Hinduism.
A deceased adult Hindu is usually cremated, whereas the child who died is usually laid to rest.
SEE ALSO: Religion and Spirituality
The ritual of passage is believed that it is performed in accordance with the sacred notion in which the microcosm that exists within living things is a reflection of the super cosmic universe. The Soul (Atman, Brahman) is thought to be the immortal essence released during the Antyeshti ritual. However, both the body as well as the universe are transitory vehicles within the various schools of Hinduism. They are made up of 5 elements: air water earth, fire, earth, and space.
For Hindus who are Hindu, the body of the deceased is usually buried the day after death. The body is cleaned, covered in white fabric for men or widows, and red for married women and the toes are joined by an elastic string, and a Tilak (red symbol) is placed upon the forehead.
The body of the deceased adult is taken to the funeral location close to water or river with the help of family and friends, then laid on a pyre with the feet facing south. The oldest son, or male mourner or a priest is then bathed prior to leading the funeral ceremony ritual.
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